Katmandu City Tour
Kathmandu is the capital city of Nepal. It is the largest metropolis in Nepal, with a 1.5 million population. Kathmandu city is known as the city of temples. The city is located at 1,400 meters (4,600 feet) above sea level. Kathmandu has been the center of Nepal’s history, art, and culture. Kathmandu city is famous for the tour because there are many tourist areas like Boudhanath, Pashupatinath Temple, Swoyambhu, Kathmandu Durbar Square, etc.
Boudha Stupa is one of the largest stupas in the world. This largest Buddhist Stupa in Nepal lies about 8 km to the east of downtown Kathmandu. During the festival of Losar (Tibetan New Year) in February or March, Boudhanath hosts the grand celebration. In 1979, Boudha became a UNESCO World Heritage Site. There are more than 45 Buddhist monasteries in the area.
Pashupatinath Temple is the most important Hindu pilgrims site and an essential part of the Kathmandu city tour. This is located in the east part of Kathmandu valley. Pashupatinath temple is a temple of Lord Shiva. It is situated on the banks of river Bagmati. Thousands of pilgrims and visitors visit this temple every year. Pashupatinath is another name for Lord Shiva. Maha Shivaratri is a famous temple festival, attracting about a million devotees. The main temple of Pashupatinath is two tire pagoda temples, with a height of 23.6 meters. The doors are heavily ornamented with silver and gold paints.
Swayambhu is also known as the Monkey Temple. Many monkeys are living in the northwest parts of the temple. In 1979, Swayambhu became a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Swayambhu occupies a central position; it is probably the most sacred among Buddhist pilgrimage sites in Nepal. Many local and foreign tourists come to enjoy the Kathmandu city tour.
Kathmandu Durbar Square
Kathmandu Durbar Square is an essential part of the Katmandu city tour. At Katmandu Durbar Square, there are Hanumandhoka Durbar and Basantapur Durbar. Hanumandhoka Durbar came from the statue of Hanuman established by the King Pratap Malla at the entrance of the royal palace in 1672 A.D, and Basantapur Durbar was built by King Prithvi Narayan shah in 1770. The combination of this two Durbar is known as Kathmandu Durbar Square. The eight-day-long Indra Jatra festival in honor of Indra, the ‘god of rain,’ is held every year in August/September; there is a grand celebration. Kathmandu Durbar Square temples around its premises, including those dedicated to various gods of the Hindu pantheon like Ganesh, Shiva-Parvati, Bhagwati, Saraswoti, Krishna, etc., besides Taleju and Kumari Ghar. Close to the famous square is a temple from which Kathmandu’s name is said to be derived, Kasthamandap Temple. The wood of a single tree is said to have been used to construct it.